Stress, Coping & Social Support

Facilitated by Krys Kaniasty (USA), Ralf Schwarzer (Germany) & Aleks Luszczynska (UK)
Moderation and Mediation: These slides were presented by Ralf Schwarzer at the 2006 CREATE workshop. You can also download an SPSS macro to compute Sobel's z via Bootstrapping as recommended by Preacher, Rucker & Hayes (2004) (see below).

Topic I: Stress

Session 1: Introduction
Session 2: Psychosocial consequences of natural disasters as exemplars of traumatic stressors: What we know about responses to disaster, how we study these events, what we should know & job stress
Suggested Readings:
  • De Lange, A. H., Taris, T. W., Kompier, M. A. J., Houtman, I. L. D., & Bongers, P. M. (2003). "The very best of the Millennium": Longitudinal research and the Demand-Control-(Support) Model. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 8, 282-305.
  • Norris, F.H., Friedman, M, Watson, P., Byrne, C., Diaz, E, Kaniasty, K (2002). 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981 – 2001. Psychiatry, 65, 207-239.

Topic II: Coping:

Session 1: Introduction: Conceptual issues, process and outcome, measurement
Session 2: Benefit finding; Efficacy/mastery/control as resources
Suggested Readings:
  1. Luszczynska, A., Mohamed, N. E., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). Self-efficacy and social support predict benefit finding 12 months after cancer surgery: The mediating role of coping. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 10, 365-375.
  2. Benight, C., & Bandura, A. (2004). Social cognitive theory of posttraumatic recovery: The role of perceived self-efficacy. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 1129-1148.

Topic III: Social Integration, Social Support, Dyadic Coping:

Conceptual Issues, Measurement, Research Examples
Session 1: Introduction: Constructs and measurement issues
Session 2: Social support in the context of major life crisis and trauma: (a) Definitional issues & general theory (b) Social support and trauma – specific issues and dyadic coping
Suggested Readings:
  • Kaniasty, K. (2005). Social support and traumatic stress. PTSD Research Quarterly, 16 (2). The National Center for PTSD.
  • Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., Loving, T. J., Stowell, J. R., Malarkey, W. B., Lemeshow, S., Dickinson, S. L., & Glaser, R. (2005). Hostile marital interactions, proinflammatory cytokine production and wound healing. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 1778-1384

Topic IV: Methodology

Measures of social well-being and social functioning as moderators and mediators of the impact of disasters on mental health
Suggested Readings:
  • DiMatteo, M. R. (2004). Social Support and Patient Adherence to Medical Treatment: A Meta-Analysis. Health Psychology, 23, 207-218.
  • Kaniasty, K., Norris, F.H. (2004). Social support in the aftermath of disasters, catastrophes, and acts of terrorism: Altruistic, overwhelmed, uncertain, antagonistic, and patriotic communities. In R. Ursano, A. Norwood, & C. Fullerton (Eds.), Bioterrorism: Psychological and public health interventions, (pp. 200-229). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Topic V: How to submit a paper for publication, how to revise and resubmit a paper, how to write a peer review, RCT description following the CONSORT guidelines

Session 1: Introduction: critical issues in composing the manuscript, revising, preparing response to the reviewers and preparing a review for a journal
Section 2: Conducting and reporting randomised controlled trials
Suggested Readings:
  • Davidson, K. D., Goldstein, M., Kaplan, R. M., Kaufmann, P. G., Knatterud, G. L., Orleans, C. T., Spring, B., Trudeau, K. J., & Whitlock, E. P. (2003). Evidence-based behavioral medicine: What is it and how do we achieve it? Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 26, 161-171.
  • Luszczynska, A., Sobczyk, A. & Abraham, C. (in press). Planning to reduce weight: Implementation intentions intervention helps to reduce body weight among overweight or obese women by prompting action planning. Health Psychology.
Social Change and New Challenges for Health Psychology