Translation and validation of the Fear of Dental Pain (short-form) Questionnaire in China
AbstractBackground: Individuals who respond fearfully to dental pain are at increased risk of overestimated pain and escalating anxiety. The short form of the Fear of Dental Pain Questionnaire (s-FDPQ; van Wijk et al, 2006) is a validated measure developed to quickly screen patients in respect to their dental fear. As there is a high prevalence of dental fear/anxiety in Chinese adults, our study aimed to translate the s-FDPQ into Chinese and then explore the reliability and validity of this measure in a Chinese population. Methods: We translated the s-FDPQ using the forwards-backwards method and pilot tested it on a small sample of adults in China. Following this, 349 Chinese adults completed the newly translated scale, as well as well as a standardised dental anxiety questionnaire (Modified Dental Anxiety Scale Chinese version) to test construct validity. 107 participants completed the s-FDPQ again 2 weeks later to gauge test-retest reliability. Findings: The Chinese s-FDPQ was internally consistent (alpha = 0.9) and demonstrated construct validity (r = 0.7 when correlated with the MDAS). Test-retest reliability was good (r = 0.7). Discussion: These findings suggest that the s-FDPQ is a reliable and valid measure for assessing Chinese adults’ fear of dental pain. This Chinese version should help us conduct research in dental pain research to evaluate the cross-cultural stability of the s-FDPQ, to investigate the relationship between FDP and pain felt during dental procedures, and to explore health psychology interventions to positively influence pain experienced during dental procedures.
Copyright (c) 2017 H. Buchanan, L. Wu
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