Beliefs about walking in fibromyalgia: the role of distress, fear of movement, pain and disability

  • S. López-Roig
  • S. Ivorra
  • C. Peñacoba
  • M. Pastor-Mira


Background: From Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), other different variables from the constructs included in TPB could have a role on behaviour through beliefs. Our aim is to identify the external variables relevant to beliefs about regular walking. Methods: Self-reported measures of fear of movement, pain, disability, anxiety, depression and beliefs about walking behaviour were completed by 275 women with fibromyalgia. Correlation analyses were conducted. Findings: Positive behavioural beliefs: “it will alleviate my pain”, “my health will improve”, “my mood will be better”, “I will feel more active and agile”, “I will feel more positive”, “I will be good to distract me”, “my circulation will improve”, “I will lose weight”, “it will strengthen my muscles”, “I will feel less contracted” were related to pain intensity, disability and distress (r = [-.17, -. 31]; p≤.01). Inhibitor control beliefs (“tiredness”, “being in pain”, “My mood” and “having a bad day”) were associated with pain intensity, disability, distress and fear of movement (r = [.17, . 48]; p≤.01). Discussion: The main characteristics of the fibromyalgia syndrome, pain, disability and distress, support beliefs about negative consequences of walking. In addition, together with fear of movement, they could be an important suppressant of activity by increasing the strength of inhibitor control beliefs. This study has been supported by MINECO (PSI2011-25152)
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