Psychosocial predictors of Metabolic Syndrome in Chilean adults
AbstractBackground: According to the Chilean National Health Survey (2010), the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in adults was 35%, however how psychosocial factors contributes to its prevalence in Chilean population has been under-studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine how psychosocial factors predicts MetS in a sample of adults. Methods: A non-experimental study was designed to test the cross-sectional association between psychosocial factors and MetS, as defined by the ATP III criteria in a sample of 446 participants free of MetS. Measures of psychological variables including psychological stress, weight stigma, depressive symptoms, perceived discrimination, and fatalism, as well as health behaviors were self-reported. Inflammatory markers, and MetS components were obtained with standardized procedures. Findings: Structural equation modeling revealed an indirect effect of psychological stress on MetS via non-healthy diet, and fatalism. Participants scoring high in psychological stress had greater fatalism, and poorer diet, which in turn predicted greater waist size circumference and MetS components. Discussion: These findings suggest that psychological stress was indirectly related to MetS through health behaviors and fatalism, allowing us to identify mechanisms through which psychological stress is associated with MetS.
Copyright (c) 2017 M. Ortiz, P. Repetto
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